DEVELOPMENT OF MILK (PRIMARY) TEETH AND PERMANENT TEETH

Normal dentition

Normal development of teeth

Ideal position of teeth and jaw

Dimensions

Sagittal

Class II (overbite): The lower jaw is too far back

Class II (overbite): The lower jaw is too far back

Class III (underbite): The lower jaw is too far forward

Vertical

Transversal

Closed bite

Open bite

Crossbite

Crowding / spaces in dental arch

Crowding

Spaces between teeth

TREATMENT OPTIONS

Removable appliance

Activator

High-pull headgear

Low-pull headgear

Spacers (leeway space)

Forced stretching of the upper jaw

Herbst Appliance

Impacted canine

Extraction of teeth

Fixed appliances (self-ligating braces)

Aligners

Lingual technique

Bite blocks in the front

Bite blocks in the back

Intraoral scanner

ELASTICS

Elastics for jaw positioned too far back

Elastics for jaw positioned too far forward

Elastics for open bite

Elastics for crossbite

STABILISATION PHASE (RETAINERS)

Fixed retainer on upper jaw

Fixed retainer on lower jaw

Removable retention plate

Miniplast splint

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